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Ringworm / 12 Jul 2019

RINGWORM

ABSTRACT -

Ringworm also known as Tinea corporis, is a contagious fungal infection which appears as red circled rash with clear skin in the middle and causes itching. Since it has a ring like appearance hence it is named as Ringworm, however there are no actual worms involved.

CAUSES -

It is caused by a fungus called dermatophyte that eats keratin and spreads in the following ways:

  • Human to human
  • Animal to human
  • Object to human
  • Soil to human

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Red circular skin infection
  • Small patches appear on the scalp
  • Inflammation and pain
  • Hair fall or hair loss around and near patches on the scalp
  • Kerion is an inflamed sore with pus
  • Raised rashes in the shape of ring
  • Redness and burning sensation in skin near the affected area
  • Chipped and rough skin
  • Swelling
  • Drowsiness

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Physical examination
  • Examination of sample of skin scrapings from affected area under microscope

TREATMENT –

  • Medications like oral medications, antifungal creams etc
  • Do not rub, wash the affected skin smoothly and slowly
  • Keep the skin clean and dry
  • Tap the skin gently with a towel in affected areas
  • Keep folded areas between the toes dry
  • Innerwears must be changed frequently when infected
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes and undergarments

PREVENTION –

  • Wash hands regularly and maintain hygiene
  • Don’t share combs, hairbrushes, clothing, bed linen, towels, or footwear with infected individuals
  • Avoid walking bare foot
  • Clothes must be washed properly and daily with fungicidal soap

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • Estimation shows that children under the age group of 15 are most vulnerable to ringworms.
  • Its a most common type of fungal infection occurs in almost 70% of the adults irrespective of the gender.

Have any questions? or Need help Contact us – 022 6163 6163 | support@medicus.com

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