ABSTRACT – Acne is a skin disease in which the oil glands at the base of hair follicles produces...
Acne is a skin disease in which the oil glands at the base of hair follicles produces extra oil (sebum) which in turn results in the formation of inflamed lumps and scars on the skin. It is not dangerous and different in size, colour, and pain levels.
TYPES OF ACNE –
Papules: Small pink bumps on the skin surface
Pustules: Red colored base with pus at the top with clear visibility
Nobules: Large in size, solid and painful pimples deep in the skin.
Cysts: Highly painful, pus-filled pimples which can leave scars.
Face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders have most of the oil glands thus makes acne to appear on these body parts mostly.
The follicle wall swell and leads to a whitehead. A blackhead occurs when pore is congested with bacteria and oil. It turns brown/black when it is exposed in the air.
Pimples are caused when blocked hair follicles gets infected with the bacteria.
Inflammation that develops deep inside hair follicles produces lumps beneath the skin surface. But other pores which are the openings of the sweat glands, aren’t usually involved in acne.