ABSTRACT – It is a medical term for chest pain or discomfort due to coronary heart disease. In medical...
It is a medical term for chest pain or discomfort due to coronary heart disease. In medical terms, it is called Ischemia in which one of the arteries gets narrowed down or blocked and becomes the main cause of Angina Pectoris. It happens due to inappropriate contractivity of heart muscles and coronary artery.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –
Chest pain is the major symptom with a discomfort feeling. Other common symptoms could be:
Sudden pain in arms, neck, back and shoulders
Squeezing in the chest
Nitrates – Relaxes coronary arteries to reduce the pressure on heart.
Aspirin – A blood thinner to prevent blood clots.
Beta Blockers -Blocks the effect of the hormone adrenaline to reduce BP
Statins – Lowers the formation of blood cholesterol
Calcium Channel Blockers – Widens the blood vessels
Lifestyle factors – Healthy diet which contains whole grains, fruits and vegetables reduces the risk of heart problem. Yoga, light exercises, physical therapy can also be used to avoid Angina.
Surgery – Angioplasty is commonly used to treat Angina, where a stent is inserted to widen the artery permanently.