ABSTRACT – Genital warts is a type of sexually transmitted disease. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the cause for genital...
Genital Warts is a type of sexually transmitted disease. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the cause for this disease. It affects soft tissues of genital areas and develops into small, red, fresh colored blisters. Some strains of genital HPV cause genital warts while others cause cancer.
Different types of HPV
Since genital warts is highly contagious, it is caused through sexual relations
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –
Small, fresh, red colored bumps covering genital area
Bleeding while intercourse
Itching and discomfort in private parts
Warts which are close to each other looks like a cauliflower
Pap tests: Helps to detect changes in vaginal area and cervix
HPV tests: To show the early signs of cervical cancer
Medications which can be directly applied to the skin
Electrocautery: Electric current is used to destroy the warts
Cryotherapy: Warts are frozen with liquid nitrogen
RISK FACTORS –
Loosing virginity at very young age
Intercourse with multiple partners without protection or partner suffering from sexually transmitted infections
Intimating with partner whose sexual history is unknown
Vaccination against disease
Using protection while intercourse
The prevalence of HPV is 7.3% amongst adults aged between 18 to 69 years globally.
About 1 in 100 sexually active people have genital warts worldwide.
Women are infected more than men by this condition.