ABSTRACT – Heat Stroke is a most common condition which is also known as sunstroke caused by rise in...
Heat stroke is a most common condition which is also known as sunstroke caused by rise in the body temperature or physical exertion due to heat. It is a serious form of heat injury. If the condition is prolonged, it can damage the brain cells and internal organs.
Exposure to a hot climate
Exhausting and intense physical activity
Wearing tight fitting clothes
Dehydration and lack of water
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –
Rise in the body temperature
Change in mental state or behavior
Nausea and vomiting
Red colored skin
Fast breathing and heart rate
Muscle function test
Other imaging test
Rectal Thermometer to check the temperature
Wear loose fitting outfits, avoid heavy clothes
Drink plenty of fluids regularly
Examine the color of urine to detect the sign of dehydration
Immersion in cold water.
Evaporation cooling techniques to cool the skin
Cooling blankets and ice packs
Intake of medications such as muscle relaxants to stop shivering
It affects people of any age irrespective of gender. Teens and young adults are more prone to get affected from heat stroke.
Nearly 1-3% of total population dies from extreme summer heat.