ABSTRACT – Acyclovir is an antiviral drug that slows the development and infestation of the herpes simplex virus in...
Aciclovir (ACV), also known as acyclovir, is an antiviral medication. It is primarily used for the treatment of herpes simplex virus infections, chickenpox, and shingles. Other uses include prevention of cytomegalovirus infections following transplant and severe complications of Epstein-Barr virus infection. It can be taken by mouth, applied as a cream, or injected.
Common side effects include nausea and diarrhea.Potentially serious side effects include kidney problems and low platelets.Greater care is recommended in those with poor liver or kidney function. It is generally considered safe for use in pregnancy with no harm having been observed. It appears to be safe during breastfeeding. Aciclovir is a nucleoside analogue that is similar to guanosine. It works by decreasing the production of the virus’s DNA.
Prevention of herpes viruses in immunocompromised people (such as people undergoing cancer chemotherapy).
Aciclovir is recommended by the CDC for treatment of varicella during pregnancy, especially during the second and third trimesters.