Atorvastatin, sold under the trade name Lipitor among others, is a statin medication used to prevent cardiovascular disease in those at high risk and treat abnormal lipid levels.For the prevention of cardiovascular disease, statins are a first-line treatment. It is taken by mouth.
Common side effects include joint pain, diarrhea, heart burn, nausea, and muscle pains. Serious side effects may include rhabdomyolysis, liver problems, and diabetes.Use during pregnancy may harm the baby.Like all statins, atorvastatin works by inhibiting HMG-CoA reductase, an enzyme found in the liver that plays a role in producing cholesterol.
Statins, It have a small beneficial effect on preventing the loss of kidney function and on reducing loss of protein in urine in people with cardiovascular disease.Statins, including atorvastatin, before heart surgery does not prevent acute kidney injury.