Generic Name : CIPROFLOXACIN (ORAL/OTIC/OPHTHALMIC) ABSTRACT – Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic drug that is used to treat a variety...
Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic drug that is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections in place of a safer antibiotic. Classified as a fluoroquinolone, Ciprofloxacin treats different infections caused by bacteria such as bone / joint infections, skin infections, respiratory / sinus infections, UTIs, bacterial diarrhea and even gonorrhea. It is also used to treat patients that have been exposed to anthrax or specific kinds of plague. The otic form of this drug is used to treat infections such as swimmer’s ear and some inner ear bacterial infections, while the ophthalmic form of the drug is used to treat infections of the eye, such as ulcers in the cornea.
- Ciprofloxacin is to be taken as directed by the doctors.
- Available in different forms specific to the area of infection, Ciprofloxacin dosage strengths vary.
- General Adult Dosage available:
Oral tablet – 100mg, 250mg, 500mg Oral solution – 10mg/mL, 200mg/100mL Otic dosage strength – 0.2%, 6% (twice daily for 7 days) Ophthalmic dosage strength – 0.3%
SIDE EFFECTS –
- Vaginal itching
- Abnormal liver functions
- Stuffy nose/Sore throat (otic)
- Irritations in the eye (ophthalmic)
RARE SIDE EFFECTS:
- Damage in the aorta
- Skin rashes
- Muscle pain
- Breathing difficulty
- Pressure within the skull
- Unusual ear drainage (otic)
- Severe eye irritation or drainage (ophthalmic)
DRUG INTERACTIONS –
Ciprofloxacin has major interactions with 116 different drugs.
MODERATE DRUG INTERACTIONS –
Ciprofloxacin has moderate interactions with 344 different drugs.
- Provide the doctor with detailed and accurate medical history prior to drug prescription. Notify especially in case of joint problems, tendon problems, aneurisms, circulatory disorders, heart conditions, blood pressure irregularities, diabetes, genetic diseases, muscle / nerve disorders, epilepsy / seizures, brain tumors, Long QT syndrome history or hypokalemia.
- Administer each form of the drug in only the specified area of infection. Do not apply ophthalmic drops in the ear or the otic drops in the eyes.