Dextroamphetamine is a drug that alters the chemicals within the brain and the nervous system that are responsible for hyperactivity and impulse control. This medication drug is generally used to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and illnesses such as narcolepsy. This drug is classified as a ‘Central Nervous System Stimulant’.

DOSAGE –

    • Dextroamphetamine is to be taken as directed by the doctors.
    • The extended-release capsule is to be swallowed whole, and is only taken once a day.
    • Other forms of this drug are generally taken 2-3 times a day.
    • This drug is not to be shared with another patient.
    • General Adult Dosage available:
    • Oral tablet – 5mg, 10mg, 15mg

    • Liquid solution – 5mg/5mL
    Extended-release capsule – 20mg, 30mg

SIDE EFFECTS –

  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache
  • Tremors
  • Rapid palpitations
  • Insomnia
  • Upset stomach
  • Dry mouth

RARE SIDE EFFECTS:

  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Hallucinations; other signs of psychosis
  • Seizures
  • Muscle tics
  • Changes in vision
  • Numbness
  • Unexplained wounds
  • Discolored skin

LONG-TERM SIDE EFFECTS –

  • May affect growth in children
  • Drug abuse or dependency

DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Bupropion
  • Citalopram
  • Cocaine
  • Desvenlafaxine
  • Duloxetine
  • Escitalopram
  • Fluoxetine
  • Iopamidol
  • Tapentadol
  • Tramadol
  • Selegiline
  • Pimozide
  • Venlafaxine
  • Vilazodone

Dextroamphetamine has major interactions with 36 different drugs.

MODERATE DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Albuterol
  • Alfentanil
  • Amoxapine
  • Bitolterol
  • Calcium Carbonate
  • Ethanol
  • Fentanyl
  • Imipramine
  • Isoproterenol
  • Levalbuterol
  • Midodrine
  • Pentazocine
  • Phenylephrine
  • Ritodrine
  • Sufentanil
  • Trimipramine

Dextroamphetamine has moderate interactions with 102 different drugs.

PRECAUTIONS –

  • Provide the doctor with a detailed and accurate medical history prior to drug prescription. Notify especially in case of congenital heart defects, hypertension and family history of heart diseases, mental illnesses, tourette’s syndrome, epilepsy or blood circulation problems.
  • Do not consume this drug in case of an allergy to it, or in case of hypertensive blood pressure, severe heart conditions, extremely overactive thyroid, glaucoma, agitation or any history of substance abuse.
  • Do not consume this drug 14 days after using an MAO inhibitor to avoid a fatal interaction.
  • Using this drug during pregnancy periods can cause premature birth as well as other risks. Consult a doctor prior to using this drug while pregnant.
  • Avoid nursing while on drug course, as Dextroamphetamine transfers through breast milk and causes problems for the health of the newborn.
  • Avoid citrus fruits, fruit juices or Vitamin C supplements while on drug course.

WARNINGS –

  • This drug, being a habit forming stimulant, can cause addiction as well substance abuse. Reach out to help in case of such circumstances and never share Dextroamphetamine with another individual.
  • Being a stimulant, this drug can cause risks to patients such as sudden strokes, heart attacks, psychosis, circulatory problems or even death. Contact a doctor immediately in case of the occurrence of said side effects.
  • Dextroamphetamine, in combination with certain drugs such as opioid medication, can cause serotonin syndrome. Provide the doctor a clear drug history prior to mixing drug courses together.
  • Keep out of reach of children. This drug is not recommended for any child below the age of 3. The extended release capsules are for individuals above the age of 6 only.
  • In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately. Symptoms of overdose may include hallucinations, muscle pain or weakness, severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures or a coma. Overdose of Dextroamphetamine is fatal.

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