CILOSTAZOL

23 Jul 2019

Generic Name : CILOSTAZOL

ABSTRACT –

Cilostazol is a drug that is used to treat the symptoms of a condition known as intermittent claudication, a condition wherein there is a lack of blood flow to the legs and ankles, causing pain while walking. Classified as a vasodilator drug, Cilostazol relaxes the muscles within the arteries to cause dilation and ease of blood flow. This drug also disallows blood platelets from sticking together and clotting.

DOSAGE –

  • Cilostazol is to be taken as directed by the doctors.
  • The oral tablet is generally taken twice a day.
  • This medicine is to be taken 30 minutes before food, or 2 hours after.
  • The effects of the medicine should be observed 4 weeks after treatment.
  • Do not terminate the use of this drug unless advised so.
  • General Adult Dosage available:
  • Oral tablet – 100mg

SIDE EFFECTS –

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Runny nose

RARE SIDE EFFECTS:

  • Chest pain
  • Heart flutters
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Body aches
  • Bloody urine
  • Difficulty in urinating
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in the ankles or the feet

DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Acalabrutinib
  • Apixaban
  • Atazanavir
  • Ardeparin
  • Betrixaban
  • Boceprevir
  • Cobicistat
  • Danaparoid
  • Deferasirox
  • Dronedarone
  • Edoxaban
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Indinavir
  • Itraconazole
  • Ketoconazole/li>
  • Omacetaxine
  • Omeprazole
  • Ritonavir

Cilostazol has major interactions with 66 different drugs.

MODERATE DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Amiodarone
  • Anagrelide
  • Aspirin
  • Bromfenac
  • Celecoxib
  • Cyclosporine
  • Diclofenac
  • Efavirenz
  • Eliglustat
  • Felbamate
  • Ibuprofen
  • Ivacaftor
  • Ketoprofen
  • Mifepristone
  • Naproxen
  • Oxcarbazepine
  • Zafirlukast

Cilostazol has moderate interactions with 130 different drugs.

PRECAUTIONS –

  • Provide the doctor with detailed and accurate medical history prior to drug prescription. Notify especially in case of liver / kidney disease, smoking behavior or heart diseases.
  • Do not use this drug in case of a history of congestive heart failure.
  • Do not use this drug while nursing as it may cause trouble for the newborn child.
  • Avoid grapefruit while on drug course.

WARNINGS –

  • Keep out of reach of children.
  • In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately.

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