DYSLEXIA

15 Jun 2019

ABSTRACT –

Dyslexia is a neurological disorder characterized by difficulty in reading because of problem in identifying speech sounds and their relation to letters and words. The part of brain that process language is affected. This disease is also known as reading disability.

CAUSES –

  • Genetics
  • Abnormal development of Visual nerve cells
  • Environmental factors

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

The symptoms of Dyslexia are clearly seen only when the child starts going to school but the early signs are:
  • Late talking
  • Slow learning
  • Problem speaking rhyming words or words that sound reverse
  • Difficulty in learning nursery rhymes
  • Difficulty in remembering or naming letters, numbers and colors

  • Signs after the child starts going to school are:
  • Avoiding or spending a long time in reading or writing
  • Difficulty in spelling a word
  • Problem in decoding what others speak and finding the right word or forming answers
  • Difficulty in memorizing and solving math problems
  • Problem in differentiating letters and words
  • Difficulty in understanding jokes
  • Problems as an adult in social and economic terms

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Child’s development, medical history and educational issues
  • Questionnaire
  • Family background
  • Psychological testing
  • Vision, hearing, reading and brain tests

TREATMENT –

  • Using different educational techniques
  • Giving special attention to the child and focus on educational plans
  • Early treatment to improve condition
  • Family support

RISK FACTORS –

  • Genetics
  • Exposure to narcotic drugs, alcohol or infection that hampers brain development in the fetus
  • Low birth weight or premature birth
  • Individual differences in visual nerve cells

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

Dyslexia has been diagnosed more in males than females.

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