PROSTATITIS

11 Jul 2019

ABSTRACT –

Prostatitis is an inflammation of a prostate gland which is located below the bladder in males. Prostate gland is responsible to produce semen and urethra carries urine which passes through prostate hence it affects both the sexual and urinary functions. Chronic Prostatitis develops gradually and can last for 3 months and more.

CAUSES –

Cause of Prostatitis is not identified yet but following can increase the chances of getting affected:

  • Common strains of bacteria
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Damage of nerve in urinary tract
  • Psychological stress

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS-

  • Pain or burning sensation while urination
  • Severe pelvic or genital pain
  • Frequent and urgent urination
  • Pain in the perineum
  • Flu like symptoms such as fever, chills, nausea or vomiting
  • Pain and difficulty while ejaculation

COMPLICATIONS-

  • Bacterial infection in the blood (Bacteremia)
  • Epididymitis
  • Prostatic Abscess
  • Semen Abnormalities
  • Infertility

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Sample testing of blood, urine and semen
  • Prostate Biopsy
  • Cystoscopy
  • X-ray, CT Scan and ultrasound of the prostate or urethra

TREATMENT –

  • Medications: Antibiotics, Alpha Blockers, Anti-inflammatory Drugs
  • Surgery
  • Therapy for stress management

RISK FACTORS –

  • Bladder or urethral infections
  • Pelvic trauma or injury
  • HIV / AIDS
  • Undergoing prostate biopsy
  • Inflammatory mediators
  • Stress

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • Young or middle aged males are majorly affected from this condition globally.
  • Males suffering from sexually transmitted diseases are at major risk of developing Prostatitis.

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