RABIES

11 Jul 2019

ABSTRACT –

Rabies is a fatal viral infection that spreads from the infected animal’s saliva. Rabies virus affects the central nervous system which gets transmitted by the bite or scratch of animal.

CAUSES –

  • Rabies virus from mammals and pets

However in rare cases, virus can also get transmitted to humans that can affect tissues and organs if infected animals get a chance to lick on wounds.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Fever and headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Agitation or anxiety
  • Confusion
  • Hyperactivity
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Extreme salivation
  • Hydrophobia
  • Priapism
  • Hallucinations and insomnia
  • Paralysis, involuntary muscle twitching

DIAGNOSIS –

TREATMENT –

There is no specific treatment but the following series of shot can be helpful.

  • Rabies shots: Fast acting immune globulin dose immediately after the bite and a series of Rabies vaccines for 2-4 weeks.

PREVENTION –

  • Rabies vaccination at childhood
  • Regular vaccination to pets and domestic animals
  • Restrain pets from coming in contact with wild animals
  • Small pets should be protected from predators
  • Inform about stray animals to local authorities
  • Stay away from wild animals
  • Bats should be kept away from home

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • The global records show that every year, around 59,000 people dies from this disease every year out of which major are children.
  • All the mammals are vulnerable to infection especially dogs in developing countries.

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