ALBUTEROL

10 Jun 2019

Generic Name :ALBUTEROL (INHALATION)

ABSTRACT –

Albuterol is a bronchodilator drug that relaxes the airways and allows for more air to pass through to and from the lungs. It is used in patients suffering from asthmatic conditions or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to treat exercise-induced bronchospasm or the narrowing of the airways. This inhaler drug acts upon the airways by working on beta2 receptors, and can be used for treatment of patients above the age of 4. It is sometimes also used in the form of a nebulization solution, and is considered one of the most effective drugs to treat wheezing and asthma-related problems.

DOSAGE –

  • Albuterol is to be taken as directed by the doctors.
  • Albuterol inhaler needs to be primed before the first use. Instructions for priming are

generally available with inhaler. Priming involves spraying the inhaler 4 times away from the face before first use.

    • Albuterol is generally to be administered twice a day with a gap of 4-6 hours.
    • Use two inhalations 15-30 minutes before exercising, to prevent exercise induced

      bronchospasm.

    • Breathe out fully and then place the mouthpiece of the inhaler into the mouth and breathe in for 10 seconds while having pressed the canister.
    • If inhaling twice at a time, wait for a minute after the first inhalation before breathing in the second inhalation.
    • General dosage –
    • 2mg, 4mg

    2mg/5mL, 25mg/5mL

SIDE EFFECTS –

Diagnosis is usually recommended to –

  • Shakiness and tremors in the knees or other joints
  • Tachycardia
  • Hypersensitivity reactions
  • Fastened palpitations
RARE SIDE EFFECTS:
  • Cough
  • Difficulty in breathing, ingesting or swallowing
  • Swellings on various parts of the body
  • Rashes
  • Wheezing
  • Congestion
  • Unusual exhaustion
  • Drowsiness

DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Carteolol
  • Carvedilol
  • Cocaine
  • Labetalol
  • Mifepristone
  • Nadolol
  • Pindolol
  • Ribociclib
  • Propranolol
  • Sotalol
  • Timolol

Albuterol has major interactions with at least 28 different drugs.

MODERATE DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Abarelix
  • Abiraterone
  • Acarbose
  • Acebutolol
  • Adenosine
  • Amoxapine
  • Anagrelide
  • Atenolol
  • Azithromycin
  • Bedaquiline

PRECAUTIONS –

  • Always carry the Albuterol inhaler.
  • Notify a doctor in case of allergies to Albuterol or milk proteins prior to drug prescription.
  • Provide the doctor with patient’s detailed and accurate medical history before the prescription of Albuterol. Let your doctor know in case you have – an overactive thyroid, hypertensive blood pressure or heart problems, seizure disorders, diabetes or low levels of potassium in the blood.
  • Keep the inhaler clean at all times. Clean the canister once a week during use.
  • Do not let the spray come into contact with the patient’s eyes.
  • Do not store the inhaler in an overheated place, as the canister may combust.
  • Refill an inhaler in advance, before the medications runs out.

WARNINGS –

  • Notify a doctor in case patient uses medication for asthmatic conditions more than regularly within the 24 hours of a day itself. This may be a sign of a severe asthma attack. Seek medical help if you feel the medications are not working properly.
  • Albuterol is not recommended for children under the age of 4.
  • It may increase the chances of severe or fatal consequences such as death or hospitalization. Use Albuterol only as directed by the doctor.
  • Keep out of reach of children.
  • Overdose of Albuterol can lead to extremely fatal side effects. Get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately, in case of an overdose. Signs of an overdose may include – rapid heartbeat, nausea, seizures, dizziness or severe chest pain.

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