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Posted by -Dr-kamlesh

A To Z Disease Directory / 26 Jun 2019

FEVER

ABSTRACT -

Fever refers to that body temperature which is usually higher than the normal temperature. It is a condition wherein body tries to fight with infections and illness. The normal average temperature of body is 98.6°F. Fever usually goes away in few days, but in case if there is high fever, temperature rises to 103°F or higher which indicates a serious infection. When body tries to kill bacteria or virus in the body to fight infection, it causes fever. The body temperature is usually lesser in the morning which becomes greater in the afternoon and evening.

CAUSES -

  • Heat stroke
  • Dehydration
  • Excessive sun exposure
  • Viral or bacterial infection
  • Sudden alcohol withdrawal
  • Some childhood vaccinations
  • Unhygienic conditions

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS -

  • Shivering
  • Sleepiness
  • Faintness
  • Headache
  • Body pain
  • Lack of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle pain
  • Weakness

DIAGNOSIS -

  • Physical examination
  • Blood test
  • Chest X-Ray
  • Urine test
  • Imaging tests and scanning

TREATMENT -

  • More liquid intake
  • Medications such as NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), antibiotics, prescribed medicines
  • Take proper rest
  • Stay home and under cool temperature

COMPLICATIONS –

PREVENTIONS

  • Wash hands properly
  • Carry sanitizer
  • Use tissue and cover mouth while coughing or sneezing
  • Don’t share cups and bottles
  • Avoid touching face, mouth and nose frequently

EPIDEMIOLOGY -

  • Estimation shows that around 11 to 21 million cases are diagnosed with different types of fever every year globally
  • It is irrespective of the gender and can happen to anyone anytime.

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