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Genital Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease caused by herpes simplex virus. It is a long term condition in which the virus affects external genetalia, anal region, mucosal surfaces and skin problems. It is a contagious disease.
- Unprotected sexual contact
- Oral sex with a person already having oral sores
- HSV-1- It can cause cold sores around mouth
- HSV-2- This type of virus spread through sexual contact and it is highly contagious
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –
- Pain or itching in the genital area
- Small red bumps
- Vaginal Discharge
- Pain while urinating
- Sores may get developed in various genital parts of men as well as women
- Neonatal Herpes – Infant is exposed to HSV present in the genital tract during delivery
- Psychosocial impact
- Viral culture
- Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Test – The DNAs copy is used to check the presence and type of HSV
- Blood Test
- Medication – No specific drugs can cure herpes virus but to prevent the virus from multiplying antiviral are prescribed
- Applying petroleum jelly to the affected areas
- Avoid tight fitting clothes around affected areas
- Wash hands after touching the affected areas
- Avoid sexual activity when infected
- Use of condoms during sexual intercourse
RISK FACTORS –
- Multiple sexual partners
- Unprotected intercourse
- According to WHO, 67% of the population gets infected with HSV-1 infection.
- Genital HSV-1 infection has been estimated the most in America, Europe and Western Pacific regions.
- Females are more prone to get infected in comparison to males.