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Posted by -Dr-parag

Disease Directory / 15 Jun 2019

DIPHTHERIA

ABSTRACT -

Diphtheria is a bacterial disease caused by microorganism Corynebacterium Diphtheria which leads to inflammation of mucous membranes of nose and throat. It makes glands swollen, throat sore, fever and weakness. There is a formation of false membrane in throat that blocks airway which makes breathing difficult.

CAUSES –

  • Air bubbles
  • Air pollution like dust, mist, fumes etc
  • Dusty household items

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Formation of pseudo-membrane between nose and throat
  • Sore throat with roughness
  • Swollen glands
  • Rhinorrhea i.e. nasal discharge
  • Struggle in breathing
  • Uneasiness
  • Cold and fever

COMPLICATIONS –

  • Breathlessness wherein breathing becomes difficult
  • Heart complications
  • Nerve complications

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Laboratory tests to identify the growth level of Corynebacterium Diphtheria.

TREATMENT –

  • Medications
    1. Antitoxins
    2. Antibiotics
If left untreated, this disease becomes difficult to cure.

RISK FACTORS –

  • Low immunity
  • Unhygienic conditions
  • Travelling to disease prevalent places where disease is common

RISK FACTORS –

Diphtheria specific vaccination, better to be administered during childhood.

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • Annually 5 to 10 percent of people get infected with diphtheria worldwide.
  • The mortality rate is 20% in infected children of age under 5 years or older people with age more than 40 years.

Have any questions? or Need help Contact us – 022 6163 6163 | support@medicus.com

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