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Posted by -Dr-khanna

Gonorrhea / 15 Jun 2019

GONORRHEA

ABSTRACT -

Gonorrhea is a common bacterial infection, a sexually transmitted disease also called as “the clap” infects both males and females. This disease generally spreads during an intercourse, causing pain in the genital track and also troubles the urethra, rectum or throat. Gonorrhea infects the cervical area in females.

CAUSES -

  • Bacterium - Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • This infection can spread through Vaginal, Anal and Oral intercourse
  • Infected mother can affect the baby as well during pregnancy

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Pain while urination
  • Urethral discharge like pus from the penis
  • Swollen or painful testicles
  • Inflammation in the foreskin
  • Anal discharge, pain and bleeding while bowel movements
  • Swelling in the neck lymph nodes
  • Increased vaginal discharge and bleeding between periods
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Vulvar swelling

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Urine Test
  • Swab testing from the infected area
  • HIV Test

TREATMENT –

  • Antibiotics
  • Oral medications
  • Refraining from sexual intercourse
  • Regular checkup

COMPLICATIONS –

  • Risk of pregnancy and pelvic inflammatory disease, a condition that can cause abscesses in women
  • Epididymitis causing pain and swelling in the testicles, and it may further lead to infertility in men.
  • Infection spreads through the joints, bloodstream and infect other parts of the body causing fever, rash, swelling and stiffness.
  • Risk of HIV or AIDS.
  • Infants can also get affected during birth which causes blindness, sores on the scalp and other infections.

PREVENTION –

  • Self-restraining from intercourse.
  • Use protection during vaginal, anal and oral intimacy
  • Sexual intercourse with a mutually monogamous and unaffected partner

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • Globally, gonorrhea is the second most common sexually transmitted disease between men and women.
  • As per the estimation, men are more prone to this disease than women.
  • Prevalence as per age specifications –
  • Women: 15-24 years Men: 20-29 years

Have any questions? or Need help Contact us – 022 6163 6163 | support@medicus.com

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