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Posted by -Dr-khanna

Disease Directory / 17 Jun 2019

HEADACHE

ABSTRACT -

Headache is the pain in any part of the head. It affects either one or both sides of head or may be isolated to a particular region. It occurs as a strong pain, excruciating sensation and dull ache. It might last for several hours and can persist to few days as well.

Types-
  • Tension headaches
  • Migraines
  • Rebound headaches
  • Cluster headaches
  • Thunderclap headaches

CAUSES -

  • Primary headache includes migraine, cough, tension, cluster
  • Secondary headaches includes alcohol, ice creams, dehydration, overuse of medications, glaucoma, tumors, bleeding and clotting

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Mild to severe head pain
  • High blood pressure
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Intense head pain which lasts for around 1 to 2 months

DIAGNOSIS –

  • X rays
  • Blood tests
  • CT scan
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging)

TREATMENT –

  • Pain relief medications such as antidepressants on doctor’s prescription
  • Acupuncture
  • Exercise and meditation
  • Nutrition rich diet
  • Hypnosis
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

RISK FACTORS –

  • Stress and emotional distress
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Snoring
  • Obesity
  • Sleeping problems

PREVENTION –

  • Avoid excessive drinking and smoking
  • Maintain body weight
  • Maintain physical and mental health
  • Stress management

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • Almost half of the adults experience a headache in any given year or time worldwide.

Have any questions? or Need help Contact us – 022 6163 6163 | support@medicus.com

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