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Posted by -Dr-ashish

Disease Directory / 19 Jun 2019

ITCHING

ABSTRACT -

Itching, also known as Pruritus is an uncomfortable and irritating sensation that creates a desire to make the person continuously scratch the skin which can further lead to bleeding or other various infections. Skin can be itchy all over the body or only in specific areas. Sometimes it can be a symptom of severe conditions like liver diseases and kidney failure. Minor itching can be easily cured with creams and medicines whereas if a person experience major itching, seeking consultation with physician or skin specialists (dermatologists) immediately is recommended.

CAUSES -

  • Skin issues like dryness, fungal or bacterial infections
  • Atopic dermatitis or Eczema - causes the skin to dry out and itchy, commonly found in children
  • Allergic reactions
  • Insect bites
  • Mental health condition
  • Hives- A condition wherein a chemical called histamine gets released which results in leak in small blood vessels creating an immediate urge to scratch the skin.
  • Prenatal period
  • Conditions like kidney, liver or thyroid disorders such as hyperthyroidism
  • Enlarged lymph nodes

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Dry skin
  • Redness in the skin affecting the entire body
  • Spots or scars
  • Disturbing sleep
  • Rashes
  • Intense itching hampers the day-to-day routine as it becomes more itchier with subsequent days

COMPLICATIONS –

  • Skin injury
  • Permanent scars
  • Anxiety or depression because of improper sleep
  • Chronic Pruritus

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Physical examination
  • Blood test
  • Examination of thyroid, liver and kidney for disorders if any
  • Chest X ray

TREATMENT –

  • Prescribed medication like oral medicines, ointments, lotion, gel and anti-itch creams
  • Wear light weight clothes
  • Breaking the itch scratch cycle i.e. limit or avoid scratching and things which might enhance it
  • Maintain personal hygiene
  • Take proper and timely shower to keep the body clean
  • Light Therapy (Phototherapy) to expose the skin to the specific light for scheduled calendar dates till the condition is under control.

RISK FACTORS –

  • Increases with increasing age
  • Skin diseases and disorders like dryness, allergies, eczema. Psoriasis etc
  • Usage of harsh and harmful chemicals and cosmetics
  • Thyroid, kidney and liver problems
  • Hormonal imbalance during pregnancy and menopause
  • Reaction to antifungal, antibacterial drugs
  • Wearing tight clothes

PREVENTION –

  • Simple self-care measures, applying moisturizer, gentle cleanser or bathing with the lukewarm water can reduce the problem if the condition is not severe
  • Avoid scratching
  • Stay away from harsh chemicals usage
  • Proper and clean bathing

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • As per the estimation, it had been found that 10 to 15% of the total population gets affected from this condition.
  • Normal itching is common and almost everyone faces it once in their lifetime.

Have any questions? or Need help Contact us – 022 6163 6163 | support@medicus.com

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