CARVEDILOL

28 Jun 2019

Generic Name : CARVEDILOL

ABSTRACT –

Carvedilol is a well-recommended ‘non-cardioselective’ beta blocker drug that is used to treat various heart conditions, such as hypertension and heart failure. It is also used to stabilize heart pumping back to regular pacing after a failure or an attack. As a beta blocker, that is generally advertised as Coreg, this drug works by affecting the heart and blood circulation rapidly and effectively.

DOSAGE –

  • Carvedilol is to be taken as directed by the doctors. The strength of this drug’s prescribed dosage may vary from patient to patient. Follow doctor’s instructions very carefully as to how much to be consumed.
  • Continue the drug as per the prescription, even after symptoms vary.
  • The oral tablet is to be consumed whole, preferably with food.
  • Patient may sprinkle capsule’s contents over sweet syrupy food for easier swallowing and digestion.
  • General Adult Dosage available:
  • Oral tablet/capsule – 10mg, 20mg, 40mg, 80mg

SIDE EFFECTS –

  • Hyperglycemia
  • Angina pectoris
  • Hypotension
  • Nausea
  • Visual disturbance
  • Vomiting
  • Orthostatic hypotension
  • Chest congestion
  • Swelling in various body parts
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Slow palpitations
  • Weight gain
  • Back pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Dry eyes
  • Exhaustion

RARE SIDE EFFECTS:

  • Numbing
  • Rapid weight gain
  • High blood pressure
  • Wheezing

SHORT-TERM SIDE EFFECTS:

  • Affects the pupils before a cataract surgery

DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Albuterol
  • Atazanavir
  • Bitolterol
  • Clonidine
  • Diltiazem
  • Edoxaban
  • Epinephrine
  • Fingolimod
  • Formoterol
  • Indacaterol
  • Olodaterol
  • Ritodrine
  • Venetoclax
Carvedilol has major interactions with 77 different drugs.

MODERATE DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Abiraterone
  • Alfentanil
  • Aliskiren
  • Alfuzosin
  • Amifostine
  • Amlodipine
  • Anagrelide
  • Baclofen
  • Brexpiprazole
  • Bromfenac
  • Bumetanide
  • Butalbital
  • Celecoxib
  • Codeine
  • Docetaxil
  • Ethanol
  • Heroin
  • Hydrocodone
  • Ibuprofen
Carvedilol has moderate interactions with 881 different drugs.

PRECAUTIONS –

  • Provide the doctor with detailed and accurate medical history prior to drug prescription. Let them know especially in case of allergies, diabetes, angina, liver or kidney disease, thyroid disorders, tumors in the adrenal gland or other health problems such as Raynaud’s syndrome.
  • Do not take Carvedilol in case of severe heart conditions such as ‘sick sinus syndrome’, an allergy to the drug, severe liver disease, emphysema or asthma.
  • Avoid alcohol for four hour range before and after consuming Carvedilol to avoid a lethal interaction.

WARNINGS –

  • This drug can affect the pupils before a cataract surgery. Inform surgeon ahead of time regarding the usage of Carvedilol and other drugs being used.
  • Keep out of reach of children.
  • In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately. Symptoms may include arrhythmia, fainting, convulsions, bluing of fingernails, difficulty in breathing and dizziness.

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