ABSTRACT – Anemia is a medical condition where the count of Red Blood Cells (RBCs) is lower than the...
It is a medical condition where the count of Red Blood Cells (RBCs) is lower than the normal count in the body. Typically for male, the normal hemoglobin count is 13.5 and for women, it is 12.0. Count lesser than these normal levels might get suspected with Anemia.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –
Paleness of skin
Dark colored urine
CBC (Complete Blood Count) – Determine the relative proportion of each blood type in the blood stream.
Blood smear and differential staining – If anemia is detected from CBC, these tests are further performed to understand the count of white blood cells (WBCs), shape of RBCs and presence of RBCs.
Reticulocyte count – Helps to determine the cause and classify the type of anemia.
RISK FACTORS –
Diet low in iron and vitamin supplements
Frequent heavy menstruations
Blood loss due to injury or surgery
Genetic disorder (e.g. Sickle cell anemia)
Chronic diseases such as diabetes, liver disease, rheumatoid arthritis, heart failure, cancer, AIDS etc.