ABSTRACT – Acute kidney failure arises when kidneys are unable to filter waste products from blood. Risky levels of...
Acute kidney failure arises when kidneys are unable to filter waste products from blood. Risky levels of wastes may assemble after losing the filtering ability. It is also called as Acute Renal Failure or Acute Kidney Injury. It might be fatal and it requires immediate serious treatment and care. This condition is also reversible and if treatment is done properly then kidneys might go back to normal working condition.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –
Breathlessness, Chest pain or Pressure
Fatigue, Nausea and Weakness
Seizures or coma in serious cases
Swelling in the legs, ankles or feet
During serious complications:
Seizures or coma
Muscle Spasm and Muscle weakness
Permanent damage to kidneys
Fluid in lungs causing shortness of breath
Balancing the fluids in blood – Intake of Intravenous fluids is recommended if there is lack of fluids in the blood. Although it can also cause swelling of arms and legs.
Medications to control potassium levels in blood – Calcium, glucose or sodium polystyrene sulfonate is prescribed when the potassium level increases in the blood as it leads to irregular heartbeats and weakness.
Medications to restore blood calcium levels – Infusion of calcium is recommended, if the calcium levels in the blood drops down.
Dialysis – Temporary hemodialysis is done to remove the toxins from the blood to extract excess fluid from the body