ABSTRACT – Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a long term inflammatory condition of lungs that causes obstruction in...
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a long term inflammatory condition of lungs that causes obstruction in air flow and breathing problems.
Two main forms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) are:
Medical conditions like Asthma and Airway Hyperreactivity
Low birth weight
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –
Weight loss and lack of energy
Shortness of breath
Difficulty in breathing out
Chest tightness and wheezing
Blueness of the lips or fingernail beds
Cor Pulmonale due to high pressure on lung arteries
Frequent respiratory infections
Edema in ankles, feet or legs
Acute exacerbation of COPD is the sudden worsening of COPD symptoms characterized by change in color of sputum, increased sputum production etc.
COPD Assessment Test (CAT) to determine the severity of disease.
Chest X-ray and Complete Blood Count (CBC) to exclude other conditions.
CT scan of chest
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin deficiency test
There is no cure for COPD but it can be prevented, delayed and symptoms also can be treated.
Vaccinations at proper time interval
Reduction in exposure to environmental air pollution
People suffering from advanced COPD may require:
Morphine to improve shortness of breath
Guiding people with proper action plan for exacerbation
RISK FACTORS –
Exposure to tobacco smoke, dusts, chemicals and fumes from burning fuel
Asthmatic patients who smoke
Educating workers, using respiratory protective equipment and managing risk at work places
Reduce exposure to cooking and burning fuel smoke through improved ventilation and chimneys at home
Measures for control in air pollution
Using solar cooking and electrical heating instead of traditional biomass or wood
Respiratory tract infections
The prevalence of COPD globally, is increasing every year due to increase in pollution.