ABSTRACT – Swelling due to the leakage of excess fluid from blood vessels, gets deposited in the body’s tissues...
Edema is when swelling due to the leakage of excess fluid from blood vessels, gets deposited in the body’s tissues. It can affect any body part but seen mostly in hands, arms, feet, ankles and legs. It can occur due to the reaction of certain medications, pregnancy, congestive heart failure, kidney disease or cirrhosis of the liver. Medication for edema removes excess fluid and excess amount of salt from the body.
Sitting in one position for too long
Eating very salty food
Congestive heart failure
Certain types of medication
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –
Signs and symptoms varies with the types of edema –
Swelling or puffiness under skin (especially in legs or arms)
Shortness of breath in case of pulmonary edema
Pit occurs after giving some pressure on skin
Body treats mild edema on its own
Treatment for underlying cause of edema like for liver cirrhosis, kidney disease and congestive heart failure
RISK FACTORS –
Certain medication for high BP, diabetes, estrogen
Hormonal changes due to menstruation
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
Excess of sodium intake
On a global level, estimation shows that approximately 140 to 250 million people have Lymphedema.