ABSTRACT – Graves Disease is a common cause of hyperthyroidism. It is an autoimmune condition that results in overproduction...
Grave’s Disease is a common cause of hyperthyroidism. It is an autoimmune condition that results in overproduction of thyroid hormones. Body’s immune system starts attacking healthy cells instead of foreign invaders. It was originally known as ‘Exophthalmic Goiter’ which was later changed and named after Sir Robert Grave; a doctor who described this condition. Approximately, 30% of these patients also have a chance of getting affected from Grave’s Ophthalmopathy which affects muscles and tissues around the eyes.
Malfunction of immune system
TRAb (Thyrotropin Receptor Antibody) – Antibody TRAb acts as regulatory pituitary hormone resulting in overproduction of thyroid hormones.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –
Tremors in hand or fingers
Change in menstrual cycle
Anxiety and irritability
X-ray, MRI, CT Scan
Radioactive iodine intake/li>
Radioactive iodine therapy
RISK FACTORS –
Age: It usually develops in people of age less than 40
Pregnancy or recent child birth
Other autoimmune disorders
Estimation shows that 2-3% of world’s population suffers from Grave’s Disease annually.