Generic Name : HYDROXYZINE ABSTRACT – Atarax is an antihistamine sedative that is used to treat anxiety or mental...
Hydroxyzine, sold under the brand names Atarax among others, is a medication of the antihistamine type.It is used in the treatment of itchiness, anxiety, and nausea, including that due to motion sickness. It is used either by mouth or injection into a muscle.
Common side effects include sleepiness, headache, and a dry mouth. Serious side effects may include QT prolongation. It is unclear if use during pregnancy or breastfeeding is safe.Hydroxyzine works by blocking the effects of histamine.It is in the piperazine family of chemicals.
Atarax is prescribed when the onset of an organic disease state manifests through anxiety, as generalized anxiety disorder, or in other more serious cases as psychoneurosis, and is therefore prescribed as a means of regulating normal function. Hydroxyzine has shown to be as effective as the benzodiazepine drug bromazepam in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. A systematic review concluded that compared with other anxiolytic agents (benzodiazepines and buspirone), hydroxyzine was equivalent in efficacy, acceptability, and tolerability.