CELLULITIS

07 Jun 2019

ABSTRACT –

Cellulitis is a common but serious bacterial skin infection which affects to deeper layers of skin. It can affect any body part but usually appears on lower legs. It is warm to touch, swollen, painful and the appearance is red in color. The bacteria can enter through cracks or wounds of the skin and can also spread to bones, muscles and heart. It does not contagious and doesn’t get transmitted from a person to another person. Immediate treatment is required otherwise it can also become life-threatening.

CAUSES –

  • Streptococcus and staphylococcus bacteria through cuts, wound, cracks or breaks in the skin.
  • Animal/ insect bites
  • Bacteria can also enter through eczema, athlete’s foot or from dry, flaky, swollen skin area.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Red appearance on the skin
  • Swelling or inflammation
  • Warm to touch
  • Painful
  • Blisters and spots
  • Fever
  • Chills and shivering

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Physical examination
  • Blood test
  • Swabbing on wound or from affected area for sample collection

TREATMENT –

  • Oral Antibiotics
  • Hospitalization if it doesn’t get cured by antibiotics
  • Antibiotics through vein (saline)

PREVENTIONS –

  • Health maintenance and hygiene
  • Cuts, wounds should be kept clean and treated immediately
  • Cover wounds with bandage
  • Don’t scratch the damaged skin as it may increase the infection
  • Clean and trimmed fingernails
  • Moisturize the skin regularly
  • Take extra care to prevent skin injury (especially in the case of diabetics)
  • Keep a check on skin infections and seek medical care
  • Reduce weight if obese

RISK FACTORS –

  • Injury
  • Skin conditions like eczema, edema, athlete’s foot, blisters, breaks and cracks etc.
  • Low immunity
  • Problem in blood circulation
  • History of cellulitis
  • Diabetes
  • Lymphedema
  • Obesity

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • It has been observed mostly in middle and old aged people and increases more during warm weather.
  • Estimation shows that 200 cases per 1, 00,000 people are getting affected annually.

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