CLONAZEPAM

08 Jul 2019

Generic Name : CLONAZEPAM

ABSTRACT –

Clonazepam is a medication drug that is used to treat seizures and anxiety disorders. Classified as a benzodiapine, this anti-epileptic drug can be used to treat panic disorders, agoraphobia, seizure disorders, absence seizures or even Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, in both adults as well as children. This drug works by altering the imbalanced chemicals in the brain that are responsible for these seizure-related problems.

DOSAGE –

  • Clonazepam is to be taken as directed by the doctors.
  • Drug course generally does not last over 9 weeks.
  • Oral tablet is to be consumed whole with one glass of water.
  • This drug is not to be shared with other patients.
  • General Adult Dosage available:
  • Oral tablet – 0.5mg, 1mg, 2mg

SIDE EFFECTS –

  • Tiredness
  • Dizziness
  • Problems with memory
  • Motor problems

RARE SIDE EFFECTS:

  • Worsening seizures
  • Sever drowsiness
  • Irregular mood swings
  • Aggression
  • Hallucinations
  • Suicidal thoughts/behavior
  • Shallow breathing
  • Heart flutters
  • Involuntary eye movements

DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Alfentanil
  • Butorphanol
  • Buprenorphine
  • Codeine
  • Dezocine
  • Fentanyl
  • Hydrocodone
  • Levorphanol
  • Morphine
  • Nalbuphine
  • Oxycodone
  • Pentazocine
  • Sufentanil
  • Tramadol
Clonazepam has major interactions with 26 different drugs.

MODERATE DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Acebutolol
  • Acetazolamide
  • Alfuzosin
  • Amiloride
  • Aripiprazole
  • Asenapine
  • Baclofen
  • Benazepril
  • Betaxolol
  • Bumetanide
  • Carvedilol
  • Efavirenz
  • Ethanol
  • Furosemide
  • Indinavir
  • Ketamine
  • Mivacurium
  • Tacrolimus
Clonazepam has moderate interactions with 367 different drugs.

PRECAUTIONS –

  • Provide the doctor with a detailed and accurate medical history prior to drug prescription. Notify especially in case of kidney / liver diseases, glaucoma, porphyria, asthmatic conditions, COPD, depression, other mental illnesses or the usage of a narcotic.
  • Do not use this medication in case the patient is suffering from narrow-angle glaucoma, severe liver diseases or an allergic reaction to the drug.
  • Clonazepam may cause difficulties for a pregnant woman and her child. It is important to consult a doctor in case the need for this drug arises while the patient is pregnant.
  • Sharing this drug with another patient is prohibited, unless recommended.
  • Avoid alcohol while on drug course.

WARNINGS –

  • This drug may impair thinking reactions. Avoid complicated activities that demand complete concentration such as driving. Some side effects of this drug may persist in older adults than in others.
  • This drug is habit-forming. It is dangerous to rely on Clonazepam than is required. In case of drug abuse or dependency, contact a doctor for help.
  • Once drug course is terminated, there may be a chance of withdrawal symptoms that may include mood fluctuations and depressing thoughts.
  • Keep out of reach of children. This drug is not recommended for the treatment of panic disorder in adolescents under the age of 18.
  • In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately. Symptoms of overdose may include muscle weakness, confusion, fainting or coma.

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