COLON CANCER

06 May 2019

ABSTRACT –

Colon Cancer is a cancer that develops inside the large intestine. The cancer can affect at any age, but usually it happens to older generations. Polyps are formed inside the colon which is usually a small, non cancerous clump of cells in the walls of intestine. Over the time, it can get converted to colon cancer. It can also be called colorectal cancer, which is a combination of colon and rectal cancer.

CAUSES –

The cause for colon cancer is not clear till date but it initiates when there is a mutation in DNA of colon cells.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Irregular stool consistency
  • Bleeding in rectal area
  • Abdominal pain, cramps and gastric issues
  • Pain during bowel movements
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Weight loss

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Screening tests
  • Colonoscopy is used to take sample tissues to analyze them and remove the polyps
  • Blood tests

TREATMENT –

  • Surgery for removal of polyps
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy

PREVENTION –

  • Healthy diet
  • Regular exercise
  • Consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains on daily basis
  • Avoid consumption of alcohol and quit smoking
  • Limit the intake of saturated fat and red meat

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

It is the third most common cancer found in both the genders.Majorly, the older people gets affected but incidence in younger generation is also rising rapidly.

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