CONCERTA

08 Aug 2019

Generic Name : METHYLPHENIDATE (ORAL)

ABSTRACT –

Concerta is a drug recommended by psychologists and psychiatrists for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and impulse control problems. This drug is a central nervous stimulant that works by altering the chemicals in the nervous system that contribute to hyperactivity and impulsive behavior.

DOSAGE –

  • Concerta is to be taken as directed by the doctors. Initial dose may vary from maintenance dose.
  • This drug is recommended as once in the morning, to avoid insomnia or disturbed sleep.
  • It is recommended to consume food or liquids with this drug.
  • This tablet is to be consumed whole without being crushed.
  • General Adult Dosage available:
  • Extended release tablets – 18mg, 54mg, 72mg

SIDE EFFECTS –

  • Insomnia
  • Headache
  • Abnormal amounts of sweating
  • Abnormal heart rate
  • Increase in blood pressure
  • Nausea
  • Stomach pain
  • Changes in mood

RARE SIDE EFFECTS:

  • Seizures
  • Uncontrolled tics
  • Muscle jerking
  • Blurred vision
  • Hallucinations
  • Severe heart problems
  • Circulatory problems

DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Bupropion
  • Cocaine
  • Esketamine
  • Furazolidone
  • Iopamidol
  • Isocarboxazid
  • Metrizamide
  • Pimozide
  • Procarbazine
  • Tramadol

Concerta has major interactions with 19 different drugs.

MODERATE DRUG INTERACTIONS –

  • Albuterol
  • Amoxapine
  • Bitolterol
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Clonidine
  • Doxepin
  • Desipramine
  • Enflurane
  • Escitalopram
  • Ethanol
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Halothane
  • Isoetharine
  • Levalbuterol
  • Midodrine
  • Olodaterol
  • Ritodrine
  • Sevoflurane

Concerta has moderate interactions with 84 different drugs.

PRECAUTIONS –

  • Provide the doctor detailed and accurate medical history prior to prescription. Notify especially in case of heart problems, high blood pressure or a history of specific illnesses in the family of the patient – such as depression or other mental health illnesses, motor tics, Tourette’s syndrome, seizures, epilepsy, abnormal brain wave test results or substance abuse.
  • Do not use this drug in case of the usage of an MAO inhibitor in the 14 days prior to the day of drug consumption, to avoid a fatal interaction.
  • Do not use this drug in case of an allergic reaction to the drug, glaucoma, a history of Tourette’s syndrome within the family or severe anxiety.
  • Avoid alcohol while on drug course.

WARNINGS –

  • Provide the doctor a detailed medical history to avoid a stimulant reaction within the system that can be lethal. Certain stimulants can even cause death or other fatal reactions.
  • In case of a history of mental illnesses, this drug can cause serious symptoms of psychosis. Always report behavioral and physical conditions to the doctor.
  • This drug can become habit-forming. It is prohibited to share this drug with another person. In case of substance abuse or dependency, reach out to a medical authority for help.
  • Keep out of reach of children. This drug is not recommended for children below the age of 6.
  • In case of overdose, get medical help or contact a Poison Control Center immediately to avoid fatality.

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