CONJUNCTIVITIS

05 Jun 2019

ABSTRACT –

Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of Conjunctiva which is a thin clear tissue that covers the white part of the eye ball. The inflamed conjunctiva causes eyes to appear pinkish red. The infection is generally caused by bacteria and virus (Adenovirus) and it can be contagious.

Types –

  1. Viral Conjunctivitis – Most common and tends to be contagious. It starts in one eye and spreads to another eye after few days
  2. Bacterial Conjunctivitis – Infection with lots of pus and mucus.
  3. Ophthalmia Neonatorum – Affects most of the newborns, which can also result into permanent eye damage if not treated.
  4. Giant Papillary – It usually affects people who wears contact lenses. It causes irritation, itchiness, teary eyes, red bumps under the eyelids.

CAUSES –

Causes of Absence Seizures are unclear but it can be caused by:

  • Viral Infections
  • Bacterial Infections
  • Foreign body in the eye
  • Chemical Exposure
  • Allergic Reactions
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

RISK FACTORS –

  • Aging
  • Pre-existing infections like Blepharitis and chronic diseases if any
  • Steroid consumption
  • Environmental factors

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Redness in the eyes
  • Swelling of conjunctiva
  • Itchiness
  • Burning sensation
  • Blurred Vision
  • Mucus or pus discharge
  • Constant watery eyes

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Examination of Eyes can diagnose stage of conjunctivitis
  • Medical History
  • Slit Lamp Exam – It consist of a microscope with high energy beam of light through which a doctor can examine conjunctiva, sclera, white part of the eye, iris and cornea.
  • Visual Aculity Test – To test a patient’s ability to read any sized text with different distances
  • Eye Culture

TREATMENT –

  • Antibiotic eye drops
  • Eye ointment
  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestants
  • Steroids
  • Anti-inflammatory drops

PREVENTION –

  • Maintain hygiene
  • Keeping hands clean and away from eyes can minimize the chances
  • Prevent using and sharing eye cosmetics during infection
  • Usage of clean towel and washed clothes

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • The risk of transmission of adenoviral conjunctivitis is 10% to 50%.
  • 65% to 90% cases are reported of getting affected from viral conjunctivitis.

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