ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION

18 Jun 2019

ABSTRACT –

Erectile dysfunction also known as impotence which is a type of dysfunction that makes it difficult for a male to develop or maintain an erection of penis during sexual activity. It affects self-confidence, relationship status and leads to stress. Not maintaining an erection is a sign of weak health condition that requires immediate treatment as it is risky for heart as well.

CAUSES –

Physical Causes –
  • Damage to Heart
  • Internal blood clotting
  • High sugar levels
  • Obesity
  • Cancer
  • High blood pressure and cholesterol
  • Insomnia
  • Preexisting diseases like Parkinson’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Diabetes etc
  • Certain medications
  • Excessive drinking
Psychological Causes –
  • Depression, nervousness and other mental health issues
  • Stress
  • Relationship problems

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Difficulty in keeping erection
  • Difficulty in maintaining erection
  • Decrease in sexual desire

COMPLICATIONS –

  • Unsatisfied sex life
  • Anxiety
  • Low self confidence
  • Embarrassment
  • Issues with pregnancy

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Physical examination
  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Mental and psychological tests
  • High frequency sound waves and Ultrasound

TREATMENT –

  • Oral medications
  • Implants and surgeries
  • Regular exercise, yoga and meditation
  • Psychological Counselling

RISK FACTORS –

  • Heart disorders or diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Excessive use of tobacco and alcohol
  • Certain medications like antidepressants and antihistamines
  • Cuts, injuries and surgeries affecting pelvic area

PREVENTIONS

  • Maintenance of insulin levels
  • Manage psychological conditions like reduce stress and anxiety
  • Avoid smoking
  • Exercise regularly
  • Limit or stop drinking

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • Approximately 5-20% of men have moderate to severe ED globally.
  • Erectile dysfunction Disorder is common in the elderly men over 60 years of age and about 70% of men usually don’t go for treatment.

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