GENITAL HERPES

18 Jun 2019

ABSTRACT –

Genital Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease caused by herpes simplex virus. It is a long term condition in which the virus affects external genetalia, anal region, mucosal surfaces and skin problems. It is a contagious disease.

CAUSES –

  • Unprotected sexual contact
  • Oral sex with a person already having oral sores
  • HSV-1- It can cause cold sores around mouth
  • HSV-2- This type of virus spread through sexual contact and it is highly contagious

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Pain or itching in the genital area
  • Ulcers
  • Small red bumps
  • Vaginal Discharge
  • Pain while urinating
  • Malaise
  • Sores may get developed in various genital parts of men as well as women

COMPLICATION –

  • Neonatal Herpes – Infant is exposed to HSV present in the genital tract during delivery
  • Psychosocial impact

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Viral culture
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Test – The DNAs copy is used to check the presence and type of HSV
  • Blood Test

TREATMENT –

  • Medication – No specific drugs can cure herpes virus but to prevent the virus from multiplying antiviral are prescribed
  • Painkillers
  • Applying petroleum jelly to the affected areas

PREVENTION –

  • Avoid tight fitting clothes around affected areas
  • Wash hands after touching the affected areas
  • Avoid sexual activity when infected
  • Use of condoms during sexual intercourse

RISK FACTORS –

  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Unprotected intercourse

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • According to WHO, 67% of the population gets infected with HSV-1 infection.
  • Genital HSV-1 infection has been estimated the most in America, Europe and Western Pacific regions.
  • Females are more prone to get infected in comparison to males.

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