GENITAL WARTS

15 Jun 2019

ABSTRACT –

Genital warts is a type of sexually transmitted disease. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the cause for genital warts. It affects soft tissues of genital areas and develops into small, red, fresh colored blisters. Some strains of genital HPV cause genital warts while others cause cancer.

CAUSES –

  • Different types of HPV
  • Since genital warts is highly contagious, it is caused through sexual relations

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Small, fresh, red colored bumps covering genital area
  • Bleeding while intercourse
  • Itching and discomfort in private parts
  • Warts which are close to each other looks like a cauliflower

COMPLICATIONS –

  • Cancer
  • Pregnancy problems

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Pap tests: Helps to detect changes in vaginal area and cervix
  • HPV tests: To show the early signs of cervical cancer

TREATMENT –

  • Medications which can be directly applied to the skin
  • Surgeries
  • Electrocautery: Electric current is used to destroy the warts
  • Cryotherapy: Warts are frozen with liquid nitrogen
  • Laser treatment

RISK FACTORS –

  • Loosing virginity at very young age
  • Intercourse with multiple partners without protection or partner suffering from sexually transmitted infections
  • Intimating with partner whose sexual history is unknown

PREVENTION –

  • Vaccination against disease
  • Using protection while intercourse

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • The prevalence of HPV is 7.3% amongst adults aged between 18 to 69 years globally.
  • About 1 in 100 sexually active people have this condition worldwide.
  • Women are infected more than men by this condition.

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