16 Nov 2018
The cancer that is the 6th common for men and 17th common for women is the bladder cancer. The cancer is first observed when the lining of the bladder gets damaged and people commonly have the first sign as blood in urine. Other symptoms include frequent urination, urgent bowel movements, incontinence, and pain in the abdominal and lower back areas. The bladder cancer is classified as transitional, squamous, and adenocarcinoma cancer. The causes are majorly family history, genetic mutations, lifestyle, age, culture, smoking, working in harmful chemical industries, etc. Treatments for stage 0 are namely the transurethral resection (TURBT), immunotherapy with Bacille-Calmette Guerin (BCG), intravesical treatments, and along with chemotherapy and other removal surgeries.