IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
18 Jun 2019
Irritable bowel syndrome is a common gastrointestinal disorder, also known as spastic colitis, mucus colitis and nervous colon. It is a constant or long-term condition which causes uneasiness, but it does not lead to severe complications.
- Muscle contractions and inflammation in the intestines
- Abnormalities in the central nervous system.
- Bacterial and viral infections
- Changes in the Microflora good bacteria in the intestine
- Hereditary factors
- Hormonal changes
- Muscle disorders
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –
- Pain, swelling and cramps in the abdomen
- Excessive intestinal gas
- Mucus from rectum in the stools
- Irregular menstruations
- Joint or muscle pain
There is no particular test for diagnosing IBS, it generally involves ruling out the conditions that might trigger its occurrence. However, severe IBS can be identified through:
- Physical examination
- Blood test to detect lactose intolerance, intestinal bacterial over-development, celiac disease
- X-ray or CT scan
- Stool test for blood or infection analysis
- Avoid high gas foods, go for high-fiber foods
- Increase fluid intake
- Exercise regularly for fitness
- Proper sleep
- Medications such as fiber supplements, anti-diarrheal etc
- Avoid sorbitol, chewing food items
- Psychological therapy
- Approximately 10-15% of adults gets affected from this syndrome.
- Estimation shows that the prevalence of Irritable bowel syndrome is higher in females than males.