29 Dec 2018

Kidney cancer first appears in the lining of tiny tubules in the kidney. The main types are renal cell cancer, most common in adults, transitional cell cancer and wilms cancer. The main causes are family history, smoking and exposure to heavy metals. Symptoms includes blood in urine, low back pain on one side or lump on one side. Every 1 in 48 and 1 in 83 men and women respectively are affected. Surgeries, partial nephrectomy, chemotherapy can be effective in early stages. Kidney cancer could be detected before they metastasize to different organs.

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