05 Dec 2018
Kidney cancer is the type which has affected about 400,000 individuals in 2018 and being the 14th most common worldwide. Kidney cancer or renal cancer is the one that starts in the cells of the kidney and then spreads into other areas of the renal system. The signs and symptoms include loss of appetite, blood while urinating, anemia, extreme levels of fatigue, and swelling in the legs and ankles. The risks includes smoking, workplace exposure, chemical radiations, gender, certain medications, race, and other genetic constraints. The treatments of the initial stages of this cancer include chemotherapy, surgeries in the kidney, targeted therapies, radiation therapy, active surveillance, immunotherapy, and local therapies.