LEUKEMIA

01 Jun 2019

ABSTRACT –

Leukemia is the cancer of blood forming tissues or bone marrow. It occurs when there is an abnormal growth of blood cells specifically non-functional white blood cells (WBCs).

Types-
  • Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL)
  • Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemias (CML)

CAUSES –

  • Damage in immature white blood cells giving rise to multiplication of abnormal WBCs
  • DNA Mutations

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Fever or cold
  • Excessive sweating
  • Recurrent nose bleeding
  • Weakness and anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Body pain
  • Frequent or severe infections
  • Swollen lymph nodes, enlarged liver or spleen
  • Losing body weight
  • Tiny red spots on skin
  • Low immunity

COMPLICATIONS –

  • Anemia, Bronchial Pneumonia and Sore Throat
  • This condition affects the body’s infection fighting cells which makes the patient susceptible to many infections

DIAGNOSIS –

TREATMENT –

  • Targeted Therapy
  • Biological Therapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Stem Cell Transplant
  • Chemotherapy

RISK FACTORS –

  • Genetic disorders
  • Exposure to certain toxic chemicals
  • Family history of leukemia
  • Smoking
  • Previous cancer treatment
  • Hair dyes

PREVENTION –

  • Prevent exposure to carcinogenic substances
  • Regular medical checkup and treatments
  • Weighing risks and benefits
  • Healthy habits and lifestyle

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • It is most likely to affect people over the age of 55 years, however it is also common in children under 15 years of age.
  • The prevalence of leukemia is 6% of the total population on a global level.

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