LUNG CANCER

03 May 2019

ABSTRACT –

Lung Cancer causes cancerous cells to divide uncontrollably and form a tumor in lungs which leads to its inappropriate functioning by making breathing difficult. Lungs are the two significant respiratory organs for inhaling and exhaling process in the body. Lung cancer is the most common type of cancer which can be identified in the early stages and is also entirely curable but if the condition remains for a long time and left untreated, it can have severe effect on the body and becomes life threatening.

CAUSES –

  • Smoking
  • Genetics

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Breathing problems
  • Unexplanatory weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constant coughing
  • Bronchitis infection
  • Change in voice
  • Headache

COMPLICATIONS –

  • Severe issues with breathing
  • Coughing along with blood
  • Extreme chest pain
  • Cancer spreading to other parts of the body and infecting healthy cells

TREATMENT –

  • Blood Test
  • Imaging tests like MRI, CT Scan, Ultrasound
  • Lung Biopsy

RISK FACTORS –

  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Radiosurgery
  • Immunotherapy

PREVENTION –

  • Excessive smoking
  • Breathing contaminated air
  • Exposure to harmful chemicals like asbestos and other carcinogens
  • Passive smoking

PREVENTION –

  • Quit smoking
  • Maintain a balanced healthy diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid exposure to harmful and toxic chemicals
  • Stay in a clean place and breathe fresh air

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • Lung cancer is the most commonly found cancer in males and the third most in females.
  • The global report suggests that the occurrence rate of this disease is 34.2 per 100,000 in males and 13.6 in females.
  • Around 2 million people were affected because of lung cancer which is increasing with the increasing years.

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