OSTEOARTHRITIS

20 Apr 2019

ABSTRACT –

Osteoarthritis also known as Degenerative Arthritis is a form of Arthritis caused by the inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. It is a progressive disease that can damage any joint in hands, knees, hips and spine. It occurs when protective cartilage of bones start tearing down and becomes worse with time.

CAUSES –

  • Traumatic injury in a joint
  • Damage in cartilage bones

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Swelling
  • Bones spurs
  • Pain
  • Tenderness
  • Loss of flexibility
  • Stiffness
  • Grating sensation
  • Limited and slow movements

COMPLICATIONS –

DIAGNOSIS –

  • X-Rays
  • Blood Test
  • MRI Scan
  • Joint Fluid Analysis

TREATMENT –

  • Pain relievers
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Surgery

RISK FACTORS –

  • Ageing
  • Bone deformities
  • Joint injuries
  • Genetics
  • Increased amount of iron in body
  • Obesity
  • Stress in joints

PREVENTION –

  • Exercise regularly
  • Lose and maintain weight
  • Shoe inserts or other devices might help in reducing pain while standing or walking

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • There is no cure for Osteoarthritis but treatment can help the individual control pain and swelling.
  • It affects around 10% of males and 13% of females aged over 60 years worldwide. Hence, females are more prone to get affected than males from this condition.

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