SYPHILIS

20 Jul 2019

ABSTRACT –

Syphilis is a common STD caused by a bacteria through sexual contact. This disease causes painless sores on rectum, mouth and genital area. It is highly contiguous in nature which can spread from one partner to other through skin and mucous membrane. However, it cannot spread using same toilet, bathtub, clothing and utensils. Mild syphilis can be cured by single penicillin administration but if the condition is not treated on time, it can become life-threatening by affecting major parts of the body like heart and brain.

CAUSES –

  • Treponema pallidum bacteria
  • Unprotected sexual contact with infected person
  • Hereditary factors
  • Mother to infant during pregnancy
  • Syphilis sores

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • A small sore called a chancre
  • Rashes on the body especially on palms and soles of the feet
  • Fever
  • Hair loss
  • Muscle pain
  • Sore throat and swollen lymph nodes

COMPLICATIONS –

  • Bumps and tumor called gummas appear in the last stage
  • Neurological conditions like Stroke, Meningitis, Dementia
  • Problem with Cardiovascular system
  • HIV and AIDS
  • Pregnancy and childbirth issues

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Physical examination
  • Blood test
  • Lumbar puncture – A procedure to collect cerebral spinal fluid sample

TREATMENT –

  • Antibiotics
  • Desensitization process to administer penicillin in case of pregnant women

RISK FACTORS –

  • Unprotected sex
  • Multiple sex partners
  • Homosexuality in males
  • Pre-existing conditions like AIDS

PREVENTION –

  • Refrain from sex
  • Use protection during intercourse
  • Avoid alcohol and drugs intake

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • The estimation shows that it affects around 7, 00,000 to1.6 million pregnancies a year globally which results in 20% of prenatal deaths.
  • As per the study, it has been observed that around 12 million people gets affected from syphilis every year globally.

The Ultimate Pharma Guide

©2019 Copyright. All rights reserved. Powered by . Designed by Hats-Off

Log in with your credentials

Forgot your details?

Feedback