TESTICULAR CANCER

20 Jul 2019

ABSTRACT –

Testicular cancer affects the testicles (testes) of a male located inside the scrotum which is a loose bag of skin underneath the penis. Testicles produces male sex hormones and sperm for reproduction. Even though it’s a cancer, it is treatable and very rare as compared to other cancers.

CAUSES –

Causes of testicular cancer are unknown but it can be due to abnormalities in cell development.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Painless lump, enlargement or swelling in the testicles
  • Sensation of heaviness and discomfort in scrotum
  • Unexpected accumulation of fluid in scrotum
  • Slight persistent pain in lower back, groin or abdomen
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Enlargement or tenderness of chest

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Testicular Ultrasound
  • CT Scan
  • Blood Test
  • Testicular Biopsy

TREATMENT –

  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Surgery involves Orchiectomy and Lymph Node Removal

RISK FACTORS –

  • Cryptorchidism (Undescended Testicle)
  • Hernia in the groin
  • Abnormal development of testicles
  • Congenital abnormalities
  • Family history

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • Among all types of cancers prominently affecting males, this cancer accounts for 1% out of total male population worldwide.
  • Males with age group of 20-34 are more prone to get affected with testicular cancer.

The Ultimate Pharma Guide

©2020 Copyright. All rights reserved. Powered by . Designed by Hats-Off

Log in with your credentials

Forgot your details?

Feedback