TINNITUS

20 Jul 2019

ABSTRACT –

Tinnitus is a situation where people feel a sensation of a noise or ringing in the ears. Tinnitus is not a condition, it is rather a symptom of problems arising in the ear such as hearing loss, ear injury and circulatory system disorder. Tinnitus is not a serious condition but it can get worsen with age if it is left untreated. Treatment of tinnitus also includes the identification and treatment of other underlying conditions.

Types-

  • Subjective Tinnitus – Only a patient can hear
  • Objective Tinnitus – Doctors can also hear along with the patient during physical examination

CAUSES –

  • Ageing
  • Exposure to noise polluted environment
  • Earwax accumulation
  • Abnormal ear bone growth
  • Head or neck injury
  • High blood pressure
  • Muscle contractions in the ears

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

Noises in ear such as:

  • Vibrating
  • Roaring
  • Clicking
  • Hissing
  • Ringing
  • Whining

COMPLICATIONS –

  • Diffulty in sleeping
  • Depression
  • Anxiety and Irritation
  • Stress
  • Weakness
  • Concentration problems

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Audiological examination
  • Physical examination
  • Imaging tests like CT Scan, MRI

TREATMENT –

  • Excessive earwax removal
  • Prescribed medications for noise suppression
  • Treatment of underlying conditions

RISK FACTORS –

  • Noise pollution in surrounding
  • Smoking abuse
  • Cardiovascular problems like high blood pressure, narrowed arteries

PREVENTION –

  • Avoid noise polluted area
  • Listen music with low volume
  • Maintain cardiovascular health

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • Estimation shows that the condition has a prevalence rate of 360 million people worldwide.n
  • Studies report that hearing loss due to different ear conditions is the 2nd most prevalent health issue at global level.

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