VERTIGO

02 Aug 2019

ABSTRACT –

Vertigo is a sensation of rotational dizziness. It is actually not a condition, it is the outcome of symptoms of the underlying problems in the body. It usually happens when there’s an issue in inner ears, brain or sensory nerves. Vertigo is sometimes linked with the mental health of the person as it can hamper the daily routine of an individual which might result in depression and anxiety.

Types-

  • Peripheral Vertigo
  • Central Vertigo

CAUSES –

  • BPPV (Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo) – Sudden sensation of spinning inside the head
  • Labyrinthitis – Inflammation in inner ear organ, labyrinth
  • Vestibular Neuronitis – Inflammation of the vestibular nerve
  • Cholesteatoma – Skin growth in the middle ear

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Problem in balancing
  • Motion sickness
  • Vomiting
  • Tinnitus
  • Headache
  • Sensation of fullness in ears

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Physical examination
  • Medical history
  • Imaging tests like MRI, CT Scan
  • Nystagmus testing
  • Head impulse test

TREATMENT –

  • Antibiotics like antiviral, antihistamines, anti-emetics or steroids
  • Surgery in severe cases

RISK FACTORS –

  • Ageing
  • Head injury
  • Ear disorders

PREVENTION –

  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid driving
  • Restrict using stairs
  • Avoid sudden movements of head
  • Take precautions while looking upward

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • The prevalence rate for vertigo in general population is between 20 to 56%.
  • People above 50 are more prone to suffer from this condition.
  • Studies showed that females are more prone to get affected by this condition than males.

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