YELLOW FEVER

02 Aug 2019

ABSTRACT –

Yellow fever is a viral infection transmitted through the bite of infected mosquito, Aedes aegypti. It may affect the major organs of the body and can become fatal if turns severe. There is no specific treatment for this condition but vaccination can prevent a person to get infected from this disease.

CAUSES –

  • A virus carried by Aedes aegypti mosquito

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

Acute phase :

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Fever
  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea and vomiting

Toxic phase :

  • Yellowing of skin
  • Slow pulse rate
  • Liver and kidney failure
  • Abdominal pain
  • Decreased urination
  • Brain dysfunction like hallucination, confusion, seizures and coma
  • Bleeding from mouth, nose and eyes
  • It’s a life-threatening phase and can be fatal.

COMPLICATIONS –

  • Fatigue
  • Jaundice
  • Blood infections
  • Pneumonia
  • Kidney and liver failure
  • Coma

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Based on medical and travel history
  • Blood test

TREATMENT –

  • Hospitalization
  • Stay away from mosquito infested areas

RISK FACTORS –

  • Yellow fever prone areas
  • Mosquitos carrying virus
  • Infected individuals

PREVENTION –

  • Regular vaccination
  • Use measures against mosquitos like skin and non-skin repellents
  • Maintain hygiene in the surroundings

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • As per WHO, around 2, 00,000 people get affected every year globally which results in 30,000 deaths.
  • Almost 50% cases of yellow fever are severe and incurable.

The Ultimate Pharma Guide

©2019 Copyright. All rights reserved. Powered by . Designed by Hats-Off

Log in with your credentials

Forgot your details?

Feedback