HEPATITIS

18 Jun 2019

ABSTRACT –

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, a condition commonly caused through a viral infection or other infections such as autoimmune hepatitis and toxic substances like alcohol and certain drugs. Autoimmune hepatitis occurs when the body generates antibodies against its own liver tissues.

Types –
  • Type A – It is caused by HAV transmitted through contaminated water or food or an infected person.
  • Type B – It is transmitted by infectious body fluids like vaginal secretions or semen containing HBV.
  • Type C – It is caused by HCV through sexual intercourse or drug consumption.
  • Type D – It is a rare condition caused by HDV, generates by conjunction with hepatitis B.s
  • Type E – It is a waterborne disease caused by HEV.

CAUSES –

  • Excessive use of alcohol and other toxins
  • Contaminated food or water
  • Viruses and infection
  • Autoimmune system reaction

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS –

  • Fatigue
  • Flu like cold, cough and sneezing
  • Yellow colored urine
  • Pastel stools
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Lack of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Jaundice

DIAGNOSIS –

  • Physical examination
  • Liver test and biopsy
  • Blood test
  • Ultra sound

PREVENTION –

  • Maintain good and personal hygiene
  • Avoid consumption of raw or undercooked shellfish and oysters
  • Don’t share other’s drug needles, razors, toothbrush etc
  • Vaccination for Hepatitis A and B

TREATMENT –

  • Vaccination
  • Antiviral medications
  • Frequent medical evaluation, monitoring and check-ups
  • Drink plenty of fluids
  • Intake of corticosteroids to treat Autoimmune Hepatitis

EPIDEMIOLOGY –

  • Nearly 1.4 million people gets affected from Viral Hepatitis.
  • It’s a severe disease resulting in multiple mortalities which is increasing every year.

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